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Periodontal disease can be divided into two stages:


1. Gingivitis (reversible phase)

This causes gum inflammation and bleeding, either spontaneously or after brushing. It is a result of bacterial plaque accumulation around the teeth that produces gum inflammation. Gingivitis is the first step towards periodontitis.
Gingivitis does not destroy the tissues supporting the teeth (the bone and ligament). It is reversible. Given that the main cause of gingivitis is plaque, it is essential that this is eliminated.
Aggravating factors in the appearance of gingivitis are: poor hygiene, hormone changes during pregnancy, the use of oral contraceptives and systemic diseases.


2. Periodontitis (irreversible)

In this stage, the tissues supporting the teeth (the periodontal bone and ligaments) have alredy suffered a degree of destruction. The loss of bone around the teeth means that they begin to move and even fall out.

Periodontitis is a chronic disease (like diabetes, hypertension and asthma) and has no cure but can be treated and controlled. The treatment consists of eliminating the bacterial plaque from the teeth roots and showing the patient hygiene techniques that can keep the mouth healthy. Once bone loss has been controlled, we begin to treat the after-effects for bone loss (regeneration) and for gum loss (mucogingival surgery).


3. Periimplantitis

In the same way as natural teeth can be affected, implants can also suffer from bacterial attack, known as periimplantitis. The plaque gains access to the bone via the implant. The standard treatment is surgery although the prognosis is limited in success. The best way to avoid it is to maintain good levels of hygiene around the implants and to attend periodic checkups.

ADVANCES IN PERIODONTICS

At Zamora Dental Centre we offer you the most effective and up-to-date periodontal dental treatments.

  • GUIDED TISSUE REGENERATION

    Thanks to new techniques and materials we are able to regenerate the tissues that support the teeth (bone, cement and periodontal ligament) thus re-establishing the natural teeth support.

  • GUIDE BONE REGENERATION

    Nowadays, regenerative techniques are available capable of forming bone where was none before. If a patient needs implants and there is insufficient bone remaining, we can "generate" it and then proceed with the implant fitting.

  • MUCOGINGIVAL PLASTIC SURGERY

    Periodontal surgery resolves both medical and aesthetic problems caused by aggressive brushing, bad habits, the effect of medicines and gingival recession (retracted gums). The aim of surgery is to return the gum to its original position or to resolve aesthetic or functional problems related to the gums.